Research reports Research presentations Presentations to major brewers SOMO reports CARE reports Press reports Radio Interviews SiRCHESI Newsletters
Ian Lubek, Helen Lee, Sarath Kros, Mee Lian Wong, Tiny Van Merode, James Liu, Tim McCreanor, Roel Idema, Catherine Campbell - HIV/AIDS, beersellers and critical community health psychology in Cambodia: A case study; in the Journal of Health Psychology, January 2014, vol 19 no. 1, pp 110-116. This is a direct link to the article on the publishers website, download is free for those who have access - payment details can be found on the page; a PDF of the last approved text can be downloaded here
Lubek, I., Kros, S., Wong, M.L., Lee, H., Van Merode, T., Idema, R.,Thamarangsi, T.,Jakubowicz, A.,Tolson, M., McCreanor, T., & Liu.,J. (2013). HIV/AIDS and Alcohol Risks in Cambodia: Confronting challenges and policymaking through research-guided actions. In Smith, R. A. (Ed.). (2013), Global HIV/AIDS politics, policy, and activism: Persistent challenges and emerging issues: Vol. 2. Policy and policymaking. (pp. 203-232). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger. The chapter can be viewed here. Details on the book itself can be found on the publisher's website.
Kirkwood, E. (2009). What Makes for a Sustainable Sexual and Reproductive Health Education Initiative? Bachelor of Health (Hons) degree, Macquarie University. Aus. In this thesis, Australian Master's student Elizabeth Kirkwood evaluates SiRCHESI's ability to build capacity in its NGO activities in Siem Reap. Read thesis (pdf)
Lee, H., Pollock, G., Lubek, I., Niemi, S., O'Brien, K., Green, M., Bashir, S., Braun, E., Kros, S., Huot, V., Ma, V., Griffiths, N., Dickson, B., Pring, N., Huon-Ribeil, K.S., Lim, N., Turner, J., Winkler, C., Wong, M.L., van Merode, T., Dy, B.C., Prem, S., Idema, R. (2010). Creating new career pathways to reduce poverty, illiteracy and health risks, while transforming and empowering Cambodian women's lives. Journal of Health Psychology, 157, 982-992. Download the article via Sage online at http://hpq.sagepub.com/content/15/7/982 If your institution does not provide you with free access to the Journal of Health Psychology you will need to save the document as an .exe file in order to access it. Alternatively, read an earlier (before final revisions) version of the article.
Lubek, I. (2005). Cambodian 'beer promotion women' and corporate caution, recalcitrance or worse? Psychology of Women Section Review, Vol. 7, no 1 Spring Read (pdf 83KB)
Lubek, I., Lee, H., Liu, J., McCreanor, T., Wong, M.L., Van Merode, T., Idema, R., Kros, S. (in press). HIV/AIDS, Beersellers and critical community health psychology in Cambodia: A case study. Journal of Health Psychology. Special Issue ‘Community Health Psychology for the 21st century: Pathways to Health-Enabling Social Change. An online preprint version is available via Sage Publications at http://hpq.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/09/19/1359105313500253.full.pdf+html
Lubek, I., Lee, H, Wong, M. L., van Merode, T., Kros, S., McCourt, M., Schuster (Crocker), J., Pagnutti, T., Ganapathi, S., Cadesky, J., Pollock, G. & Idema, R. (2009). The life of a beer seller in Cambodia—to die for? La vie d’une vendeuse de bière au Cambodge– à mourir? Cahiers du Genre, 45, Abstract (English trans)
Lubek, I., and Wong, M.L. (2001). Some unexpected research consequences of a re-engagement with the history of social psychology: Lewian (1946) Action research and the current Cambodian HIV/AIDS crisis. Read HTML version
Lubek, I., Wong, M. L, McCourt, M., Chew, K., Dy, B. C., Kros, S., Pen, S., Chit, M., Touch, S., Ngee, T., and Mok, V. (2002). Collaboratively confronting the current Cambodian HIV/AIDS crisis in Siem Reap: a cross disciplinary, cross cultural "participatory action research" project in consultative, community health change. This is a longer version of a paper that appears in Asian Psychologist 3 (1), 21-28 . Read (pdf 906kb)
McCourt, M. (2002). A Social Psychological, Grassroots Empowerment Pilot Project for “Beer Girls” (Female Indirect Sex Workers) in Cambodia. University of Guelph. A thesis submitted in completion of the requirements for the degree of Honours Bachelor of Arts. Read. (rtf 816kb)
Pollock, G. (2008). A Multi-method Assessment of SiRCHESI's Hotel Apprenticeship Program for Women Formerly Selling Beer in Cambodia. University of Guelph. A thesis submitted in completion of the requirements for the degree of Honours Bachelor of Arts. Download report pdf 636kb and appendices (inc questionnaires) pdf 453kb
Schuster, J., et al (2006). Aids, alcohol and violence against women: strategies for reducing workplace health risks to Cambodian beer-selling women, presented at the XVI International Aids Conference, Toronto Canada 13-18 August 2006. Read abstract (pdf 33kb)
van Merode, T., Dy, B.c., Kros, S., and Lubek, I., (2006). Antiretrovirals for employees of large companies in Cambodia. The Lancet 05/09/06. This letter is a response to an article published in The Lancet on 5 Aug 2006 (pdf 75kb) which praised Heineken for providing free high active antiretrovirals (HAART) to workers in Africa. van Merode et al call for Heineken to extent its policy to Cambodia. Read the letter. (pdf 35kb)
The Mekong Challenge. Cambodia's 'Beer Promotion Girls', thei recruitment, working conditions and vulnerabilities. Bangkok, International Labour Office, 2006. The article can be downloaded from the ILO-website.
Wong,M. L., Lubek,I., McCourt, M., Dy,B. C., Kros,S. Pen,S., Tra,T. Ou,B. Chhit,M., Touch,S., Em, P. M., Traut, P. and Mok, V. (2004). You can persuade your men to use condoms 100% of the time”: Transferring HIV/AIDS prevention programs acrosscultural boundaries. In B. Majumdar and R. Pongruengphant (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Conference : Impact of Global Issues on Women and Children (February 16-21, 2003, Bangkok, Thailand) . Hamilton: McMaster University. Pp. 89-94. Available online www.fhs.mcmaster.ca/slru/ic2003/Wong-Workshop.pdf 123KB
Lubek, I., Cadesky, J., Ganapathi, S., Schuster, J., McCourt, M., Kros, S., Dy, B. C., Wong, M.L., Tim, T., Savun, T., Prem, S., Khiev, S., Chhitt, M., Borey, M., Van Merode, T., Idema, R., Lee, H., Kay, N., Um, V., Narep, D. Beer and Women: Excessive Alcohol Consumption and Risk of HIV/AIDS among Cambodian Beer Promotion Women. Presentation at Universiteit van Leiden, Jan. 26,2005. View presentation PPT file (109,116kb)
Lubek, I., Aids, Alcohol & Awareness: Empowering Cambodian Beer Promotion Women to Become Community Health Promotion Workers London School of Economics. Jan 30, 2006. View presentation exe file (5,892kb)
Lubek, I. Challenges of Communitarian Health Management: Ethics, Technology and the organization of Effective Interventions. Universitat Autoñoma de Barcelona, Belle Terra, March 5, 2009. View presentation | pages 1-10 (2,512 kb) | pages 11-20 (2,587kb) | pages 21-29 (3,872kb) | pages 30-44 (4,353kb) | pages 45-59 (3,239kb) | pages 60-66 (4,341kb) | pages 67-74 (4,086kb) |
Lubek, I., Kros, S., Griffiths, N., Wong, M.L., Lee, H., Tolson, M, Green, M., Badali, J., Houl, H., Phaal, S., Lim, N., Halim, G., Dickson, B., Mason, C., Schmich, K., Forshaw, K. Health, literacy, empowerment, and family expansion: A study of Cambodian women who escape toxic workplaces. Paper presented in symposium ‘Acculturation, Health, Identity & Empowerment’ at the International Congress of Psychology, Capetown, South Africa, July 25, 2012. View presentation (ppt 169,000kb)
Presentations to Major Brewers
Lubek, I., Some Alcohol and HIV/AIDS Risks in Cambodia. Carlsberg Headquarters. Copenhagen, Oct 3rd 2006. View presentation exe file (4,716kb)
Lubek, I., et al. Combining Alcohol and HIV/AIDS risks in Cambodia. Heineken Headquarters, Amsterdam, 29 Sept 2006. exe file (3,265kb)
SOMO (Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) Reports
SOMO (2010). Heineken an overview of controversial business practices in 2009. Download from the SOMO website http://somo.nl/publications-en/Publication_3536
SOMO (2012). Promoting decency? Report on the situation of beer promotion workers in Cambodia. Amsterdam. Download from the SOMO website http://somo.nl/publications-en/Publication_3796
Quinn, I. Selling Beer Safely: A Baseline Survey and Needs Assessment of Beer Promoters in Phnom Penh. Report prepared for CARE, Sept 2003. Read report (pdf 453kb)
Bury, L. A Report on the Situation of Beer Promotion Women in the Workplace, Cambodia: Results of a Sexual Harrassment and Abuse Survey. Report prepared for CARE, Read report (pdf 3,133kb)
Klinker, C. Selling Beer Safely: A Cambodian Women's Health Initiative Endline Evaluation.Report prepared for CARE, Feb 2005. Read report (pdf 396kb)
Beerpromotors see change An article under this title appeared in the Phnom Penh Post on january 16, 2015. A direct link to the article can be found here - a pdf at this url: http://www.fairtradebeer.com/reportfiles/150216_PhnomPenhPost_article.pdf
No Rest for Weary Massage Workers IPS (Inter Press Service News Agency). Michelle Tolson. 22 February 2013. This article reports on Cambodian massage workers, who are in a similar position as the beer promotion women. Read online
Research Helps Reduce HIV/AIDS in Siem Reap - U of G students participate in Cambodian NGO - an article from U of G - press, January 30, 2013 — Feature by Shiona Mackenzie; see this url ~ or download a pdf taken from that webpage
Heineken is inhumaan met biermeisjes in Cambodia NRC Handelsblad. Roel Idema. 31 August 2012. This opinion page article refers to the 2012 SOMO report on beer sellers in Cambodia Read the letter (in Dutch).
'Grote brouwers maken winst over rug van Cambodjaanse promotiemedewerkers'. Food Holland. 24 August 2012. This article refers to the release of the 2012 Somo report on beer promotion (sellers) workers in Cambodia. Read article (in Dutch) . If the link is inactive you can download a pdf version.
Carlsberg Promises to Support Cambodian Beer Promoters. The Phnom Penh Post. Shane Worrell. 27 August 2012. This article reports a response from Carlsberg to the 22 August article below. It reports that Carlsberg vow to work with trade unions to improve working conditions. Read a copy of the article or a copy of the original newspaper (10 mb) (see page 5)
Statistics reveal job risks for beer promoters. The Phnom Penh Post. Shane Worrell & Mom Kunthear. 22 August 2012. This article describes the workplace hazards for the women who sell beer in Cambodia Read a copy of the article or a copy of the original newspaper (7 mb) (see pages 1-2)
Mere løn og druk hos Carlsbergs beer girls. Jyllands Posten. SØREN KRAGBALLE. 21 June 2012. This article in a Danish newspaper reports on the role of Carlsberg in regard to beer sellers. Read the article in Danish; (pdf 0.2 MB)
Despite Profits, Beer Companies Do Not Provide Living Wage For Cambodian Promoters, Michelle Tolson, March 13 2012. Follow up to the strike, Michelle Tolson writes "Cambrew continues to fire its female workers without legal cause for simply standing up for their rights". Read the full article online at www.thewip.net
Article by Michelle Tolson in KhmerThe Phnom Penh Post.9 March 2012. Read report in Khmer (pdf).
Local newspaper coverage of the August 2011 beer-sellers strike in Cambodia
Cambrew to Pay Overtime to Beer Girls on Monday May Titthara, Phnom Penh Post, 30 Aug 2011. Read article (pdf)
Bystyret i Phnom Penh betaler Carlsbergs gæld til Beer Girls Jyllands-Posten,SØREN KRAGBALLE, 12 Aug 2011. Read article (rtf)
Beer Girls Triumph as Payment Promised Phnom Penh Post, May Titthara & Vincent MacIsaac, 10 Aug 2011 Read article (pdf)
Beer Girl Allies Target Carlsberg Phnom Penh Post,Chhay Channyda & Vincent MacIsaac, 9 Aug 2011 Read article (pdf)
One Week Deadline Tep Nimot. Phnom Penh Post, 5 Aug 2011. Read article (pdf)
Det er ikke fair at tage udgangspunkt i vores overskud sidste år på 5 mia. kr." Jyllands-Posten,SØREN KRAGBALLE, 4 Aug 2011. Read article (rtf)
Carlsberg beskyldes for underbetaling i Cambodja Jyllands-Posten,SØREN KRAGBALLE, 4 Aug 2011. Read article (rtf)
Two Dollar Strike to Continue Phnom Penh Post, May Titthara, 4 Aug 2011. Read article (pdf)
City Hall Calls on Angkor Beer Promoters to Protest Peacefully The Cambodia Daily,Phok Dorn, 4 Aug 2011. Read article (pdf)
Beer Promoter in Hospital Phnom Penh Post, May Titthara, 3 Aug 2011. Read article (pdf)
My Dignity, My Beer Mu Socha (MP, Sam Rainsy Party), Where's the Law? Meas Sopheareak, Kratie, Losing Our Thirst Sim Socheata, Melbourne, Aus. Letters to the editor of the Phnom Penh Post Phnom Penh Post, 3 Aug 2011. Read article (pdf)
Police Warn Beer Protesters Phnom Penh Post, May Titthara, 28 July 2011. Read article (pdf)
Workers Urge Boycott Phnom Penh Post, Khoun Leakhana, 27 July 2011. Read article (pdf)
Angkor Protesters Slighted Phnom Penh Post, Khoun Leakhana, 25 July 2011. Read article (pdf)
Beer Girls Brew Angkor Strike Phnom Penh Post, Khoun Leakana, 25 July 2011. Read article (pdf)
A report on the "Challenges for Organizing the Beer Promotion Womenin Cambodia", dating from july-sept 2010 (read as pdf 4 Mb)
Beer Giants ignoring risks to female promoters in Cambodia 20 May 2010. Radio Australia interview with Presenter: Robert Carmichael, and Speakers: Sharon Wilkinson, country head Care International & Professor Ian Lubek, author of report University of Guelph, Canada. Read interview transcript online or RTF doc if the online version has expired
Utsatt job for Ölflickor Accent (Swedish Magazine), 17 Dec 2009. Read article online
NGO: Bryggerier betaler sulteløn til deres ølpiger (pdf 12kb); Carlsbergs ølpiger bliver fortsat groft chikaneret (pdf 15kb); Carlsbergchef: Ikke godt nok (pdf 14kb) Three articles by SØREN KRAGBALLE appear in the Danish press, 1 July 08
Lanceuses de bière: La Situation n'a pa changé. The Francophone Cambodge Soir, 12 June 2008. Article on the plight of the female beersellers.Read part one in pdf (208 kb) and and also part 2 in pdf (208 kb)
Situation of Women Promoting Beer Does Not Improve Cambodge Soir, Thurs, 19 June 2008. Report in Cambodian press about beer sellers "selling sexual services" to make ends meet. Read article online
Aussie Union Goes to Bat for Beer Girls, Peter Olszewski. Phnom Penh Post. 16 May 08. This article suggests that the Australian Council of Trade Unions, or ACTU, may take the cause of the hazardous workingplace conditions of the female beersellers to the International Union of Food Workers, based in Geneva. "This is a really important issue and needs national and international exposure to ensure the companies live up to their responsibilities as good employers," the ACTU's international officer, Alison Tate, told the Phnom Penh Post from Melbourne. You can read the full article in the Phnom Penh Post via the Phnom Penh Post or in pdf (15 kb)
Biermeisjes bezorgen Heineken hoofdpijn Giel Ten Bosch, Telegraaf. 10 May 08. This article in the Business section of the major Dutch newspaper Telegraaf ran a story on the suppression by Heineken of a Care-report and quoted from that report - the article ends with a Heineken spokeswoman, stating that "the treatment of the Cambodian female beersellers should be viewed in the context of the local culture" , which inspired a reader in the forum of the paper to vow never to drink a Heineken again. Read the Telegraaf article pdf (527kb) or email Louise.b7(at)gmail.com for an english translation.
'Biermeisje' is gevaarlijk beroep,Frits Baltesen en Elske Schouten NRC Handelsblad, 6 Oct 2007. pdf original report in Dutch (1,912kb) © Copyright. English translation. Letter published in response to this article Copy of original Dutch version (260kb) and English translation (7kb)
Korean women reject 'drink or be fired culture' Daniel Jeffreys. The Independent World, 16 June 2007. Article online at http://news.independent.co.uk/world/asia/article2663166.ece
Øl-pigerne fra Cambodja jp dk (Danish newspaper) 10 June 2007. This articles deals with the situation in Cambodia and is online at http://jp.dk/arkiv/?id=964235
Carlsberg: Vi er nede på knæ jp dk (Danish newspaper) 10 June 2007. This article centres on carlsberg and is online at http://jp.dk/arkiv/?id=964230
Nita: Beer promotion girl, Cambodian Blogger, 12 March 2007. Online report at http://www.vuthasurf.com/2007/03/12/nita-beer-promotion-girl
Beverage Companies Join To Protect Their 'Beer Girls' VOA Khmer, Washington 5 March 2007. Read online at http://www.voanews.com/khmer/2007-03-05-voa4.cfm
Carlsberg Promises to Protect Cambodian Beer Girls ScandAsia 18 Dec 2006. Read online at http://www.scandasia.com/viewNews.php?news_id=2936&coun_code=kh or in rtf (12kb)
NGO’s: Carlsberg Responsible for Death of Cambodian Laborers ScandAsia 29 Nov 2006. Read online at http://www.scandasia.com/viewNews.php?news_id=2877 or in rtf (13kb)
After Praise, Now Critique for Heineken Translation from Dutch De Financinle Telegraaf 25 Oct 2006, pT19. Read in RTF (16kb) Read original Dutch article (RTF which contains photo of article 18,821 kb)
ACTU looks to help Asian beer sales girls ABC News May 27, 2006 http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200605/s1648820.htm
Girls at the front line keep the amber liquid flowing Elisabeth Pisani. Asia Times. 23 May 2006. Article online at http://www.ternyata.org/journalism/features/cambodia_beer.html
De biermeisjes van Inbev Trouw and De Telegraaf, 25 Oct 2006. Read original article http://www.express.be/zint/dvp_articles.NewsDetail?IdA=2326&TypeA=ZWIJGER or an English translation (rtf 18kb)
They are young, sell beer and spread AIDS How far may brewers go to market their beer in Asia? NRC Handelsblad. Floris-Jan van Luyn. 6 February 2004. Reports on Cambodian beer promotion women. Read an English translation in rtf (22 kb) or as pdf (51 kb)
'Beer wenches' spark alcohol abuse fears. 10/11/2003 ABC News Online www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/s985524.htm The New South Wales Government is warning of a crackdown on businesses that hire women to purchase alcoholic drinks for their patrons during major sporting events.
A timebomb is ticking in Cambodia. Aids is spreading fast. Cause: Cambodian sexual attitudes. "Married women aren't just that pretty, compared to prostitutes." Robert Giebels - NRC Handelsblad, August 19 2003, p.4
Read report in HTML format
Read report in RTF format (11.8 kb)
Beer Girls: Pretty girls in short dresses have been selling beer for Carlsberg and Ceres in Cambodia for years. The pay is lousy and the girls are desperate to make enough money. One out of two sell themselves to the customers after work. One out of five has HIV. Hanne Mrlby Henriksen, Phnom Penh, Politiken 10 august 2003, 1. sektion, side 1. Read HTML file
Promotiemeisjes / Biertje? Promotion girls/beer? Joop Bouma, Trouw, 23 May 2003.
Read report in HTML format Original Dutch version or English translation
Read report in RTF format Original Dutch version (12 kb) or English translation (12 kb)
Visit the Trouw website:www.trouw.nl
'Ethical beer' campaign to target Western drinkers Charlotte McDonald-Gibson, Phnom Penh Post, Issue 12/07, March 28 - April 10, 2003.
Read report in HTML format
Read report in RTF format (10.5 kb)
AIDS IN ASIA: The Continent's Growing Crisis/WORKERS AT RISK/Cambodian 'beer girls' add to HIV epidemic - activists say brewers must get involved. Richard Sine, Chronicle Foreign Service. Weds, January 15, 2003.
Read online at http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2003/01/15/MN236865.DTL
Read report in HTML format
Read report in RTF format (8.5kb)
CAMBODIA: Siem Reap's "Beer Girls" yet to be educated about HIV-AIDS: Asia Pacific programs interview with Prof Ian Lubek. Presenter/Interviewer: Tricia Fitzgerald. 12/04/02.
Read a transcript of the interview in html format or RTF format (10.2kb)
Asia Pacific website
The cost of living: Research suggests more beer girls are being forced by poverty to provide clients with sex. But figures showing that one in five are HIV positive raise the question of responsibility. Bill Bainbridge and Lon Nara. Phnom Penh Post, vol. 11, num. 14. July 19 - Aug 1, 2002.
Read report in HTML format
Read report in RTF format (21kb)
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia - Yun Nit fled an abusive husband and a barren province to look for work in the capital, and at first it looked as if she had landed a decent job. Richard Sine, Boston Globe Correspondent, 9/22/2002 p A8.
Read report in HTML format
Read report in RTF format (10.5kb)
Bar Code: Cambodia's 'Beer Girls' Peddle the Product and Endure the Hassle: Refugee From the Ricefields Learns Job Often Leads To After-Hours Paid Sex - Sometimes, a Deadly Result Samantha Marshall and Steve Stecklow. The Wall Street Journal, May 31, 2000.
Read report in HTML format
Read report in RTF format (43.8kb)
Cambodia Fears Trouble's Brewing With 'Beer Girls' Anya Schiffrin, LA Times. August 27, 1998. Read article online via the LA Times
In 1996, an article in the Phnom Penh Post on beer sales
25 May 2012. Prof Ian Lubek talks to Sareth Souk of SBS radio Professor (Dr.) Ian Lubek, Professor of Psychology from the University of Guelph in Canada and Adjunct Professor of Public Health from the University of NSW talks about the health and AIDS issues in Cambodia which have been undertaken by NGO SiRCHESI (Siem Reap Citizens for Health, Educational and Social Issues). Download to listen via SBS
5 June 2012. Prof Ian Lubek talks about the health and safety of Cambodian beer sellers. Interview on Australia's SBS Radio, in Khmer, with Sabouraphy Tuy and Ian Lubek, following up the SiRCHESI Press release (Lubek, 2010) (MP3).
On Radio Australia, 20 May 2010, a report on "Beer giants ignoring risks to female promoters in Cambodia"
16 May 2009. Prof Ian Lubek talks about SiRCHESI's HIV/AIDS work on SBS Radio, Interviewer Sabouphary Tuy speaks with Ian Lubek about his work with NGO SiRCHESI to reduce HIV/AIDS risks in women and children in Siem Reap. Listen to mp3
SiRCHESI (Siem Reap Citizens for Health, Educational and Social Issues) produce annual newsletters. Read newsletters for:
For more information about SiRCHESI visit their website at www.angkorwatngo.com
Back to the top